Individuals who participate in sports that require running and turning quickly (cutting and planting), are at risk of injury in their lower extremity. Neuromuscular exercises have been shown in the research to reduce the rates of injury. Programs that include these exercises have been developed and area available on web sites for a number of sports including soccer, netball and GAA. The exercises within these programs include strengthening exercises (including core stability), agility and body positioning such as knee over toe and hip alignment. All individuals who are involved with these sports should be encouraged to perform these exercises a minimum of twice per week.
The neuromuscular approach should also be considered for all individuals who have had an injury in their power extremity. Abnormal body positions and movement patterns are a risk for the future development of osteoarthritis. Therefore education should be provided to teach individuals about the basics of body positioning and strengthening exercises should include addressing the core and any abnormal body mechanics.